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Posts tagged ‘Regensburg’

Northeast corner of old Roman fort, Regensburg, photo by Dr. Bernd Gross, Wiki CC3

Regensburg: remnants of Castra Regina on the Danube Limes

Above: former wall at the northeast corner of the Roman fort Castra Regina. Photo by Dr. Bernd Gross (image no. 7, Wiki CC3).

Regensburg is situated in central Bavaria, and is 1 and 1.5 hours from Nürnberg (Nuremberg) and München (Munich), respectively, with the train. While meandering through the Regensburg’s Old Town, it’s easy to forget most of this area was once occupied by a Roman fortress about 1800 years ago.

In 179 AD/CE, the Roman Empire established the fortress “Castra Regina”, or “fortress by the river Regen”, where the Regen enters the Danube river. The Danube became in effect a part of the Roman Empire’s northern frontier (“Danube Limes”). Emperor Marcus Aurelius recognized the need for extra security in the northern imperial province of Raetia where the Danube’s course reached its northernmost point. To ward off incursions by northern Germanic tribes, up to six thousand soldiers from the Third Italic Legion were stationed at the fortress.

At peak operation, the fortress encompassed an area 540 metres by 450 metres (24 hectares, or 60 acres) with a wall up to 10 metres (33 feet) high made of large sandstone blocks, 18 towers, 4 double-tower gates, and a wide trench. Within the grounds were barracks, headquarters building (principia), commanding officer’s own residence (praetorium), a military hospital (valetudinarium), granary (horrea), workshops, and stables. Civilians and support tradesmen built a settlement to the west of the fort. By the 5th-century, constant raids and migrations forced the Romans to abandon the area. A civilian settlement eventually grew over the fortress which is today’s Altstadt (Old Town)1.

The free-of-charge open-air museum includes restored remnants of the old Roman fortress complete with information displays in both English and German. The primary information location is at the parking garage at Dachauplatz (which is closed at night); the other three locations are accessible outdoors at any time.

The Porta Praetoria is one of multiple constituents in the tri-nation (AT DE SK) inscription for “Frontiers of the Roman Empire: Danube Limes” as UNESCO World Heritage Site (new, as of July 2021).

The map below shows the location of the Castra Regina encampment and locations of the “document Legionslagermauer” in the city’s Old Town. Click on the “arrow-window” icon at the upper-left corner of the map for additional details.

( Click here for images and more )

Haidplatz, Altstadt, Regensburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Fotoeins Friday: Night vigil at Regensburg’s Haidplatz

The photo above shows the west-facing view to the “apex” of the triangular space called Haidplatz (literally, Heath Square) which is an important historical space in Regensburg’s Old Town. “Haid-” is related to the present-day German word “Heide”, meaning heath, moor, or specifically, an area of open uncultivated land, which is now only a reference to the open space in the past.

At the centre of the photo is the Justitiabrunnen (Fountain of Justice, 1656) and a little to the right of centre in the background is Zum Goldenen Kreuz (At the Golden Cross, built initially in 1250) with its tower and castle-like appearance. Regensburg’s Old Town and StadtamHof (across the Danube river) make up the city’s designation as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2006.

On my way to dinner, I’m passing through Haidplatz again to come across an impromptu vigil to commemorate the events of 13 November in Paris.

Haidplatz, Altstadt, Regensburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

More from Regensburg

•   “6 piggies on a bed of hay”, lunch at Wurstkuchl by the Danube
•   City of Regensburg
•   Federal state of Bavaria
•   Germany National Tourism Board
•   Historic Highlights of Germany

Thanks to Regensburg Tourism for hosting my visit from 13 to 15 November 2015 and to Hotel Central Regensburg for providing a quiet and comfortable stay. I made the two photos above on 14 November 2015 with the Canon EOS6D, the 24-105 L zoom-lens, and the following settings: 1/15s and 1/40s, f/4, ISO20000, and 24mm focal length. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at as

Wurstkuchl, Regensburg, Bayern, Germany,

Regensburg: Wurstkuchl, historic sausage kitchen

It must be midday, and time for lunch. There’s a queue more than twenty deep for the takeaway- or takeout-counter, as people walk away with a long thin grilled sausage sitting snug in an undersized oval bun. Next to the Döner, I’m also fond of the “Bratwurst”, or grilled pork sausage.

Along the Danube promenade in Regenburg’s Old Town is the historical sausage kitchen, formally “Die Historische Wurstkuchl zu Regensburg”, better known as “Wurstkuchl”. The Wurstkuchl is known as the oldest running grilled-sausage stand in the world, with the presence of a stand serving food to labourers from town and visitors from the river since the 12th-century (A,B).

( Click here for images and more )

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