Fotoeins Fotografie

questions of place & home

Posts tagged ‘Australian Capital Territory’

National Carillon, Kings Avenue Bridge, Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra, ACT, Australia, fotoeins.com, myRTW

Fotoeins Friday: Australia’s National Carillon, Canberra ACT

9 September 2012.

The National Carillon glows in warm afternoon light and anchors the scene at the eastern end of Lake Burley Griffin. The Carillon was Great Britain’s gift to Australia on the capital’s 50th birthday in 1963.

On a gentle lake cruise on a clear late-winter day, I get to see how beautiful Canberra is, even if the Australian capital city is a careful construction in the outback southwest from Sydney. Canberra is often criticized as “boring,” but that’s lazy thinking. Any criticism won’t matter to my friends who are employed at nearby Mount Stromlo Observatory and who are raising a young family. Like Chile’s La Serena where we first met, what the two places have in common is an environment for both astronomy and family.


During my year-long RTW, I made the photo on 9 September 2012 with the Canon 450D, 50-prime, and the following settings: 1/800-sec, f/8, ISO200, and 80mm focal length (full-frame equivalent). This post appears on Fotoeins Fotografie at fotoeins.com as http://wp.me/p1BIdT-9Wb.

Commonwealth Place, Lake Burley Griffin, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia, fotoeins.com

Fotoeins Friday: Caught in the ACT in Canberra

The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is the nation’s capital region, similar to the District of Columbia in the United States. In the city of Canberra on the south shore of Lake Burley Griffin, Commonwealth Place forms a part of the axis between the Australian War Memorial to the northeast and the Australian Parliament to the southwest. Commonwealth Place is surrounded by the National Library of Australia, Reconciliation Place, the High Court of Australia, and the National Gallery of Australia. On a beautiful late-winter afternoon, the late-day sun bathed the Australian War Memorial and Mount Ainslie in warm colours, as joggers, bicyclists and pedestrians lined the paths on both sides of the lake.

During myRTW, I made this photo on 4 September 2012 with the Canon EOS450D (XSi) camera, EF 50/1.4 prime-lens, and the following settings: 1/100s, f/8, ISO200, 50mm focal length (80mm full-frame equivalent). This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com as http://wp.me/p1BIdT-6IE.

Canberra’s Atatürk Memorial Garden: Remembering Gallipoli

In Canada, places like Ypres, Vimy Ridge, Passchendaele, and Flanders Field resonate in the collective national history.

For Australia and New Zealand, it is Gallipoli, known in modern Turkish history as the battle of Çanakkale.

On 25 April 1915, Australian and New Zealand (ANZAC) troops stormed the Turkish Gallipoli peninsula in support of the British Empire’s efforts to secure the high ground over the narrow Dardanelles strait and approach from the eastern Mediterranean into the Sea of Marmara and beyond to the Black Sea. The Turks repelled the advance and the British retreated from the region eight months later after suffering great losses. In total on all sides, there were up to 400-thousand casualties.

Ed West wrote in the UK Telegraph:

Mustafa Kemal was the 34-year-old commander of the Turkish 19th Division at Gallipoli in April 1915, a brilliant young officer whose courage and strategic brilliance was credited with stopping the ANZAC forces. With huge numbers of casualties on both sides Churchill’s great plan was defeated, and the Turkish victory over the British, Australian and New Zealanders at Çanakkale, as the Turks called the battle, helped to forge a sense of Turkish national identity with their numbers lost, as the losses equally did for Australia and New Zealand.

Almost 20 years later Kemal, then called by the name Atatürk and president of a Turkish Republic that had removed the crushing power of religious authorities, adopted the Latin alphabet and introduced a universal civil law (that same year, 1934 they would grant women full equality), issued a tribute to the ANZAC soldiers who had lost their lives in that ferocious battle. He wrote to the people of Australia with these words:

“Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives; – You are now living in the soil of a friendly country, – therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours. You, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries – wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom, – and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.”

Years later in 1950, the Turkish Brigade would fight alongside the Australians, New Zealanders and British in the Korean War, with almost 3,000 Turkish soldiers killed in the fight against Communism, and good relations would culminate, in 1985, with the Turkish government giving the name Anzac Cove to the place where the Allied troops landed in April 1915. In return the Australians built a Kemal Atatürk Memorial in ANZAC Parade in the centre of Canberra, where passers-by can read the Turkish leader’s words.

In Canberra, opposite the main entrance to the Australia War Memorial at the southwest corner of Fairbairn Avenue and ANZAC Parade is the Atatürk Memorial Garden, dedicated to the historical battle and to the present-day friendly ties which bind these nations.

Dedicated in 1985, the primary memorial wall is in the shape of a crescent, inspired by the crsecent symbol in the Turkish flag. At the centre of the crescent are a bronze bust of Atatürk with the inscription of his words (see above) and a time capsule containing soil from Gallipoli. Five pillars representing the star in the Turkish flag were added in 2007. Kemal Atatürk who fought against the invading ANZACs at Gallipoli would later become leader to an open secular modern Turkey.


•   2015 marks the the 100th anniversary of ANZAC troops landing at what is now called ANZAC Cove on the Gallipoli peninsula.
•   Atatürk Memorial (Monument Australia): open to the public free of charge, across the street from the Australian War Memorial.
•   Atatürk memorial in Wellington, New Zealand
•   “Poppies for Gallipoli”: opinion piece by James Ruggia for Travel Pulse
•   “Stanley Bruce and Mustafa Ataturk were foes in battle, allies in peace”, by Troy Bramston on The Australian

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

Atatürk Memorial Garden, ANZAC Park, Canberra, ACT, Australia, Gallipoli, Çanakkale, Turkey, fotoeins.com

 

I made the photos above on 6 September 2012 as part of my year-long RTW. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com as http://wp.me/p1BIdT-4ID.

My Canberra: Remembering ANZACs at Australian War Memorial

ANZAC Day is held annually on the 25th of April to commemorate Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) from the First World War and ANZAC military personnel in subsequent service around the world.

The day also marks the 1915 anniversary when ANZAC troops landed on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey. The attempted move did not end well for the ANZACs, as the Ottomans successfully repelled the invasion force. The land invasion stalled after eight months with subsequent withdrawal from Turkey to Egypt.

ANZAC Day in Australia and New Zealand has surpassed the commemoration of Remembrance Day held annually on the 11th of November in Commonwealth nations, including Canada and the United Kingdom.

In the Australian capital city of Canberra, the Australian War Memorial is a grand structure, housing an impressive collection of historical artifacts, collections, and documents, outlining and describing Australian action at home and overseas. One day or an afternoon makes for a great introduction, but multiple visits are required to plumb the depths of their extensive archives. At the end of every day, the War Memorial closes its doors with a farewell to visitors in the “Last Post” ceremony, beginning at 455pm local time.


Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

ANZAC Parade, south to Capital Hill

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Their Name Liveth For Evermore

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

South Pacific

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Roll of Honour (Europe)

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Poppies for the fallen

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Honouring the dead

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Roll of Honour, west

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Roll of Honour, east

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

 

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Unknown Australian, World War 1

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Afternoon light

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

“Last Post”

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

“Bomber Command”, by Neil Dawson

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

 


The Australian War Memorial is open every day (except Christmas Day) between the hours of 10am and 5pm. There is no charge for admission.

I wrote previously about Poppies at the Australian War Memorial. I made the photos above on 6 September 2012 during my year-long RTW. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com as http://wp.me/p1BIdT-2r1.

Poppies at the Australian War Memorial

The word “poppy” in Germany is associated with the delicious poppy seed filling (“Mohn”) commonly used in cakes and pastries. Elsewhere, poppies are unfortunately associated with the production and consumption of hard drugs.

It’s easy to forget another representation associated with the flower: a commemoration symbol for the war dead.

Wild poppies grow in Belgium, and in particular, in the Ypres salient, one of many places where bodies, blood, and mud were the norm in close-contact trench warfare in World War One. Canadian physician and Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae was serving in the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, and after burying his friend, Lieutenant Alexis Helmer who died of injuries sustained during the Second Battle of Ypres, McCrae wrote the poem “In Flanders Fields” as he took the scene before him. Moved by McCrae’s poem, American Moira Michael began in 1918 the practice of wearing poppies on Remembrance Day.

It’s why you may see people sporting poppies on their lapels in the days leading up to November 11; the tradition is encouraged and upheld mostly in Commonwealth countries. In Australia and New Zealand, the big day of commemoration is ANZAC Day on April 25.

At the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, over one hundred thousand names are inscribed on the walls at the Roll of Honour; these are the names of people killed in action since 1885. A paper poppy is placed next to each name for relatives or direct descendants.

Roll of honour, west, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Roll of honour, east, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Roll of honour: west (top), east (bottom) : Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT

I made the two photos above at the War Memorial’s Roll of Honour on 6 September 2012; this post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com.

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