The sight of overhead cranes.
The clang of jackhammers.
The constant rumble of dump trucks filled with debris.
The dust clouds surrounding sites slated for demolition or new buildings under construction.
After four earthquakes since 2010, over half of the buildings in Christchurch’s Central Business District (CBD) were destroyed or have been condemned; the number I got from informal conversations was 70 to 80 percent. The expected cost to the local economy and for reconstruction will be in the billions of dollars. These are staggering numbers. Before reconstruction can begin, there are buildings to take down, and mountains of rubble to take away.