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Posts tagged ‘Bavaria’

Augsburg: Luther vs. Cajetan (1518), Confessions (1530)

Above: REVOCA! (Cajetan to Luther, 1518), Museum Lutherstiege.

With its founding date as “Augusta Vindelicorum” by the Roman Empire in 15 BC/BCE, Augsburg is one of the oldest cities in Germany, and has ties with Martin Luther and the Reformation which marks its 500th anniversary in 2017.

Months after making his 95 Theses known to church authorities and the public, Martin Luther was called to the free imperial city of Augsburg in 1518 by Cardinal and papal legate and representative Cajetan to answer charges of heresy, for challenging the morality of indulgences, and for questioning the supreme authority of the Pope. Cajetan urged Luther to recant or revoke his statements (“revoca!”), but Luther held firm and refused to obey Cajetan.

The following identify locations in Augsburg where Luther made his stand against Cajetan and the Catholic Church and where an important document describing key principles of the Reformation were unveiled and read in official capacity.

Click on the arrow-window icon at the upper-left corner of the map below for the legend. All of the locations are easy to reach on foot or with public transit. Tram stops with the AVV transport authority are indicated as green circular icons. I’ve drawn a suggested path (2.5 kilometres without stops) to catch all five locations.

Fuggerhäuser (Fugger houses)

Martin Luther verweigerte hier im Oktober 1518 gegenüber dem päpstlichen Legaten Cajetan den Widerruf seiner Thesen.

Here in October 1518 Luther refused to deny his Theses as demanded by Cajetan. The town palace, financed and constructed by the wealthy Fugger merchant-family, began in 1512 and completed in 1515.

Fuggerhaeuser, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Fuggerhäuser (Fugger houses)

Fuggerhaeuser, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Martin Luther at Fuggerhäuser

St.-Anna-Kirche (St. Anna Church)

Hier im Karmeliterkloster bei St. Anna wohnte Dr. Martin Luther vom 7. bis 20. Oktober 1518 während seiner Verhandlungen mit dem päpstlichen Legaten Cajetan.

Carmelite monks built this church in 1321 AD/CE. In 1518 between the 7th and 20th of October, Luther stayed in the Carmelite monastery at St. Anna’s church over the course of his meetings with papal legate Cajetan.

St.-Anna-Kirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Martin Luther at St. Anna church

Martin Luther, Museum Lutherstiege, St.-Anna-Kirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Museum Lutherstiege, inside St. Anna church

St.-Anna-Kirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

St. Anna church, in afternoon light

Domportal (Cathedral gate)

Martin Luther’s Widerspruch gegen die Eröffnung des Ketzerprozesses in Rom wurde im Oktober 1518 am Domportal angeschlagen.

The cathedral was built on the foundations of a medieval church going back to the end of the 10th-century AD/CE. After the debate between Luther and Cajetan resulted in an unsatisfactory conclusion for either side, Luther posted at the cathedral’s portal a notice of dissent opposing Rome’s heresy trial against him.

Augsburger Dom, Cathedral, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Augsburger Dom (Augsburg Cathedral)

Augsburger Dom, Cathedral, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Martin Luther at Augsburg Cathedral

Fürstbischöfliche Residenz (Prince-Bishop’s Residence)

“Hier stand vor dem die bischöfliche Pfalz in deren Kapitelsaal am 25. Juni 1530 die CONFESSIO AUGUSTANA verkündet wurde.”

Only the tower (as seen below) remains from the original episcopal palace at the centre of power and rule for the Bishopric of Augsburg which had been present since the Middle Ages. In May 1530, an imperial parliament (Diet) convened in Augsburg, and on June 25, the episcopal Palatinate proclaimed the Augsburg Confessions here in their primary chamber. The Augsburg Confessions are considered statements of faith for the Lutheran church, and an important historical document of the Reformation. The late-Baroque style building now houses government offices for the administrative district of Schwaben, one of seven districts in the German federal state of Bavaria.

Residenz, Fronhof, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

The tower is all that remains of the former bishop’s residence. The colours of Bavaria, Germany, and the European Union now fly outside.

Residenz, Fronhof, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

“Confessio Augustana” Gedenktafel (memorial plaque): “Hier stand vor dem die bischöfliche Pfalz in deren Kapitelsaal am 25. Juni 1530 die CONFESSIO AUGUSTANA verkündet wurde.” Picture made and generously provided by Kristen Strejc.

Galluskirche (St. Gallus church)

Martin Luther soll an dieser Stelle durch eine Pforte in der Nacht zum 21. Oktober 1518 heimlich die Stadt verlassen haben.

A church in some form has been present at this location since the 10th-century AD/CE.
With charges of arrest looming after debates with Cajetan in 1518, Luther escaped the city through a portal or gate in the city walls at this location on the night of October 21. Or so goes the legend, with the appearance of an additional plaque of “Da hinab!” or “down there (through the gate)!”

Galluskirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Galluskirche (St. Gallus church)

Galluskirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

Martin Luther at Galluskirche

Galluskirche, Augsburg, Bayern, Bavaria, Germany,

The legend of “Da hinab!”

Thanks to Augsburg Tourism for their support, Kristen Strejc for her time on the guided city tour, and to Hotel Am Alten Park for their hospitality. I’m also grateful to the staff at the Fugger und Welser Erlebnismuseum for pointing the way to Galluskirche. With the exception of one photo by Kristen Strejc, I made the remaining photos between 10 and 12 March 2017. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotografie on as
Oberstdorf, Oberbayern, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Allgaeu Alps, Alps, Germany,

Sunday night auf Deutsch in Oberstdorf

Why multiple languages rock my world

With fewer than ten-thousand inhabitants, Oberstdorf in southern Bavaria is as its German name suggests: an “upper village” tucked in the Allgäu Alps near the German-Austrian border. Yet, the town feels busy and full with skiiers, snowboarders, and winter hikers.

It’s Sunday night and I’m on the hunt for “schnitzel and spätzle.” With my eye already on a place, I arrive at 630pm to a full house. I don’t have a reservation (which is dumb in a small town), but a table of four is available (which is fortunate). The server offers me the table, with the condition I’ll be sharing the table if two people want places. “Alles klar,” I reply.

I order a standard half-litre Weizen beer, along with the required schnitzel-and-spätzle platter. An elderly couple is offered two places at my table; they take one glance in my direction, and they’re gone. The server wears a puzzled look, and I can only shrug. A second couple arrives ten minutes later, and as they approach my table with curiosity, I tell them “die Plätze sind noch frei” (the places are available). They express their thanks, and take their seats across from me. Those last five German words set a positive tone for the rest of the evening.

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Petrikirche, Taufkirche, Eisleben, Saxony-Anhalt, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany,

Tracing Luther’s steps in 16 German cities (Reformation 500)

FEATURED: “Luther war hier. // Luther was here.” Eisleben, Germany (HL, 27 Oct 2016).

In pre-teen years, I attended a Catholic elementary school by weekday, and a missions-oriented Protestant church by weekend. I already had multiple questions running around my pre-scientist brain, like electrons appearing and dissipating in a fuzzy halo. When various disparate elements began to settle with few satisfying answers, I left behind the churches and their respective religions. But one thing that’s remained is my love of history. History has never been boring, because I carry the past (as offspring of immigrants), and I’m determined to bring history’s lessons into the present.

Even in youth, I had to ask: why was one set of churches called “Protestant”? What was under protest? How did one man help spark a movement that would help merge and create a version of a language that continues today, that would bring accessible means to literacy for the public, and that would begin to change rule by religion to rule by law?

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"Guckenspiel", Glockenspiel, Neues Rathaus, Marienplatz, München, Germany,

Fotoeins Friday : “Guckenspiel”, Munich Marienplatz

Why look at the Glockenspiel when I can look at the people staring at the very same Glockenspiel? Munich is something of an old hat: comfortable, familiar, and a cut of the Bavarian blue-and-white-diamond cloth. And so here I am in the Bavarian capital on a beautiful late-autumn afternoon, and the crowds have gathered once again for the daily noon ritual at Marienplatz. I stand back and watch the people look up, waaaay up …

I made the photos above on 16 November 2015. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at as

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