Above/featured: Munich’s Olympic Park: Olympic Tower and the tent roof structure.
In my hockey-mad nation of birth, September 1972 is defined by the epic hockey Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union; the games and individual stories are stuff of legends. But high on my mind since childhood have been the tragic events that same month in Munich: the worst terrorist act in modern Olympics history.
The 20th Summer Olympics were under way in Munich, Germany, and “The Carefree Games” as they were called were the first summer games held in Germany since Berlin in 1936. Both Munich and Germany wanted to show a different peaceful and prosperous side to the world with the generation born after the Second World War.
However, the 1972 Games will also carry the stain of the “Munich Massacre” on 5-6 September. By crisis’ end, the 17 dead included eleven members of the Israeli Olympic team, one German police officer, and five Palestinian kidnappers. Many questions remained about pre-Game preparations and warnings about a possible attack, security measures, crisis management, and the failed attempt to liberate the hostages. Complete details of events remain murky even after 40 years. The disaster would damage the reputations of city, state, and country as well as international relations for years to come.
Below is a short pictorial description of sites in Munich’s Olympic Park and Olympic Village, memorializing those killed during the events of 5-6 September 1972.
- U-Bahn Olympiazentrum
- Gedenktafel für die ermordeten israelischen Sportler
- Denkmal für die Opfer des Olympiaattentats 1972
- Erinnerungsort Olympia-Attentat München 1972
1. U-Bahn Olympiazentrum
At street level, there are blue information panels located near the U-Bahn station’s north entrance. A panel describes each of the following three locations in German, English, French, and Hebrew.
2. Gedenktafel, die ermordeten israelischen Sportler
On 5 September 1972, members of the Palestinian terrorist organization “Black September” entered the Olympic Village and stormed the residence of the Israel Olympic Team at Connollystrasse 31. In the process of taking eleven people hostage, two were killed. The following day, authorities tried to free the hostages at Fürstenfeldbruck air field. The attempt failed; killed were the nine remaining hostages, one German police officer, and five abductors. Next to the entrance at Connollystrasse 31 today is a Gedenktafel (memorial plaque) with the names of 6 athletes and 5 coaches from Israel.
3. Denkmal für die Opfer des Olympiaattentats
At the north end of Hanns-Braun-Brücke bridge is Fritz Koenig’s 1995 sculpture “Klagebalken” (Wailing Beam), serving as reminder and warning against terrorism. The large rectangular ten-metre long slab of granite comes from the rock quarry at Flossenbürg, near the Nazi concentration camp which bears the same place name. Inscribed onto the stone are the names of the eleven Israeli athletes (in Hebrew) and the name of one German police officer (in Latin). The memorial sculpture is called “Denkmal für die Opfer des Olympiaattentats 1972” (Memorial to the victims of the 1972 Olympics massacre), and is complementary to the memorial plaque at Connollystrasse 31. On the pavement in front of the sculpture is a small plaque; see also below.
4. Erinnerungsort Olympia-Attentat München
The place of remembrance “Erinnerungsort Olympia-Attentat München 1972” was inaugurated in 2017. Panels provide short histories for each of the Israeli athletes killed, and a video display with collected television footage shows the timeline of events. The memorial also illuminates the politics of the time, the significance of Germany’s first Olympics after the Second World War, and long-standing friction in the Middle East. From this place of remembrance, the view north-northeast faces the former Olympic Village (Olympiadorf) which is a part of the overall Olympic Park heritage ensemble (Olympiapark Denkmal-Ensemble) since 1998.
Other views & perspectives
• Summary of the 20th Summer Olympics in Munich, CBC Sports (Canada).
• Report by Bob Moir for CBC News (Canada), on 6 Sept 1972.
• How Canadian athletes were unwittingly tied to the tragedy, on CBC News (Canada) in 2012.
Click on the arrow-window icon at the upper-left corner of the map below for the legend. Starting from U-Bahn station Olympiazentrum, you can follow the suggested path to the memorial plaque at Connollystrasse 31, the “Klagebalken” memorial sculpture, and finally to the Place of Remembrance. The path is about 1.3 kilometres (0.8 mile) one-way.
I made all pictures above on 2 June 2018 with a Fujifilm X70; alle Fotoaufnahmen sind mit Wasserzeichen versehen worden. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com as https://wp.me/p1BIdT-cn4.