Fotoeins Fotografie

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Posts from the ‘UNESCO World Heritage’ category

World Heritage Sites designated and inscribed by UNESCO

Counting year 18 in Germany with an accent on Austria

Above: Vienna’s streetcar route 5, with a historical vehicle leaving Praterstern for Westbahnhof (Kurt Rasmussen, Wiki).

With two-country Eurail pass in hand, I’m in Germany for the 18th consecutive year. However, my emphasis throughout May will be in Austria. While my extended time in Austria is primarily divided among Innsbruck, Salzburg, and Vienna, I have multiple side-excursions, many of which will involve chasing good spring light and “(wide) pictures in the green.” I doubt I’ll adopt an Austrian accent to my spoken German, but stranger things have happened …

Noticeable below is no mention of Salzburg’s “The Sound of Music”, for which many Austrians have little awareness or knowledge as residents do not consider the film representative of people or country, and about which others online have already described. My interests in Austria lie elsewhere: they lie in my ability and advantage to speak German; the culture of bistros, cafés, and wine taverns; border crossings wiped out by Schengen; Jewish history; Jugendstil and Secession; salt mines; science; and urban art.

2018 is the European Year of Cultural Heritage and is also the year of Vienna Modernism, marking the 100th anniversary year of the deaths of Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Egon Schiele, and Otto Wagner.

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Praha: a favourite place to return

Above/featured: U Kasáren from Loretánská, Hradčany – 30 July 2016 (HL).

On a personal level, the impact of this city can’t be gauged, measured, or quantified. What I know is I’ve roamed this place over countless little cobblestones. The sum of all strides led me to jumping continents and traversing nations with steps as large as my imagination could entertain and overcome.

And so, after the twelfth, fifteenth, or twentieth visit (I’ve lost count), I look at these images and ask why I surrender to the pull, why I return, and why the Czech capital city feels familiar. It’s about the old and the new, a colourful combination replacing what I’ve lost and amplifying what I’ve gained.

Prague is a favourite place of return.

summer sunrise, sunrise, summer, Karluv most, Charles Bridge, Prag, Prague, Praha, Czech Republic,

Daybreak and a halo for St. John of Nepomuk, Charles Bridge (Karlův most) – 28 July 2013 (HL)

National Monument, Vítkov, Zizkov, Prag, Prague, Praha, Czech Republic,

Over the city to the west from the National Monument on Vítkov (Národní památník na Vítkově), Žižkov – 2 August 2013 (HL)

Muzeum, stanice metra, metro station, DPP, Prag, Prague, Praha, Czech Republic,

Metro line C commuters at Muzeum station, Vinohrady – 8 November 2016 (HL)

Ginger and Fred, Fred and Ginger, Dancing House, Tančící dům, Prag, Prague, Praha, Czech Republic,

Dancing House (Tančící dům) with streaking northbound streetcar, Nové Město – 6 November 2016 (HL)

I wrote a “love letter” to Prague, which as many have discovered also includes “the night watch.”

I made all of the above images in 2013 and 2016. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotografie at as

Kea, alpine parrot, Homer Tunnel, Milford Road, South Island, Te Waipounamu, Aotearoa, New Zealand,

Waitangi Day (6 Feb): 15 images of New Zealand

Above/featured: The kea is the world’s only alpine parrot and on the endangered list; on Milford Road near Homer Tunnel.

On the 6th of February, I’ll be humming “E Ihowa Atua” and “Pokarekare Ana”.

Waitangi Day is a national holiday in New Zealand to commemorate the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840. As the founding document of the country, the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is an accord agreed upon by representatives of the Crown (British Empire) and of indigenous Māori iwi (tribes) and hapū (sub-tribes). The agreement is named after the name of the location in the Bay of Islands where the Treaty was first signed. Despite continuing disagreements between the two parties about contemporary extent and redress, I think the conversation and interactions between the communities are at a more advanced stage of integration within the nation’s fabric by comparison with Australia and Canada.

For Aotearoa, the New Zealand government approved in October 2013 formal names of the two main islands in Māori and English:

•   Te Ika a Māui (“the fish of Māui”) for the North Island, and
•   Te Wai Pounamu (“the waters of greenstone”) for the South Island.

I highlight Aotearoa with 15 images of the following locations:

  1. Akaroa
  2. Auckland
  3. Dunedin
  4. Franz Josef Glacier *
  5. Greymouth
  6. Hapuku (Seaward Kaikouras)
  7. Homer Tunnel *
  8. Lake Matheson *
  9. Milford Sound *
  10. Queen Charlotte Sound
  11. Queenstown
  12. Southern Alps *
  13. Waimakariri River
  14. Wellington City
  15. Wellington Harbour

Asterisks identify locations within the Te Wāhipounamu area in South West New Zealand which was inscribed in 1990 as UNESCO World Heritage Site that includes four national parks: Aoraki/Mount Cook, Fiordland, Mount Aspiring, and Westland Tai Poutini.

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Koblenz: 1st and 2nd Deutsches Eck (German Corner)

Above: West view to Deutsches Eck from Ehrenbreitstein. 2015 photo by Taxiarchos228 (Wladyslaw Sojka). I’ve added the following labels: (1) Seilbahn/Gondola, (2) St. Kastor Basilica, (3) Deutschherrenhaus, (4) first Deutsches Eck, (5) Memorial to German Unity (Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial), (6) reclamation in the late 19th-century, (7) second Deutsches Eck.

Many will know, have seen, or have read about the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) in the German city of Koblenz. Koblenz has plenty to provide: visitors wander into the vineyards to sip on crisp white wine from local grapes, vacation on long cabin-boats to enjoy the river scenery, or explore the surrounding Upper Rhine River Valley.

But Koblenz is also well known by virtue of its name after the junction where the rivers Moselle and Rhine meet. By the first-century AD/CE, the Romans had built for strategic protection a fort1 called “Castellum apud Confluentes”, Latin for “the castle at the confluence”. What most commonly acknowledge as the Deutsches Eck (German corner) is not the original location. Half concealed among the trees some 200 metres back near the Deutschherrenhaus is the first location of the Deutsches Eck.

What follows:

  • a map to the area and my photos from the present-day,
  • a short history of the “Deutsches Eck,” and
  • archival images from the mid-16th century to early 20th century.

Map + my images (A-F by HL)

The locations of the first and second Deutsches Eck are indicated by red cross and orange flag, respectively, in the map below. The approximate shoreline before 1850 is shown as a thick blue line. Click on the “arrow-window” icon at the upper-left corner for the legend.

Deutschherrenhaus, 1st Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(A) First Deutsches Eck, with the Cross of the German (Teutonic) Order at the base of the former corner tower. At centre-right is the Gate of the Knights of the German Order, leading into the inner courtyard of the Deutschherrenhaus with its own cross near the rooftop.

1st Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(B) Left-centre: cross of the German (Teutonic) Order at the 1st Deutsches Eck. At the location where I made this photo, I would’ve been treading water in the Moselle river before 1850; see the archival images (G) and (H) below.

emorial to German Unity, 2nd Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(C) Kaiser Wilhelm equestrian statue and Memorial, inaugurated in 1897.

2nd Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(D) From the Kaiser Wilhelm equestrian statue, north to the 2nd Deutsches Eck and confluence or junction of the Moselle and Rhine rivers.

Memorial to German Unity, 2nd Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(E) Facing south from 2nd Deutsches Eck: Memorial to German Unity, and flags for 16 German federal states, Germany, the European Union, and the U.S.; Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial.

2nd Deutsches Eck, Deutsches Eck, Mosel, Rhine, Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Oberes Mittelrheintal, Upper Middle Rhine Valley, UNESCO, World Heritage,

(F) Facing north at the 2nd Deutsches Eck, to the German flag and the confluence of the Moselle river (left) with the Rhine.

Short history of the Deutsches Eck

Near the junction where the Moselle river joins the Rhine, St. Kastor Church2 had long been present since its establishment in the 9th-century AD/CE. In 1216, the Deutscher Orden (Teutonic or German Order3) founded at the junction the Deutschherrenhaus or the Deutschordenhaus (House of the Knights of the German Order) including a hospital, all next to St. Kastor Church. The favourable location would soon be called the “Deutscher Ordt” (Place/Ort of the German Order/Orden) and later the “Deutsches Eck” (German Corner).

The Cross of the Teutonic Order (Crux Ordis Teutonicorum) appears at the base of the corner tower as part of the wall surrounding the Deutschherrenhaus. The cross would have been visible to anyone sailing the waters of the two rivers. With the symbol originating from the 13th-century as a black-and-white cross pattée, the emblem formed the basis for the development of the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz) in the early 19th-century4.

Land reclamation north of the Deutschherrenhaus moved the location of the Deutsches Eck to the northeast by about 200 metres by the mid- to late-19th century. Standing prominently at the “new” Deutsches Eck, the Kaiser Wilhelm memorial with an equestrian statue standing 14 metres (46 feet) tall was inaugurated in 1897, built in acknowledgement of the 1871 unification of German lands into a greater Empire. After destruction in the Second World War, the remnants would be reconstructed and incorporated into a larger Memorial to German Unity in 1953. Plaques embedded into the cobblestone provide descriptions in German, English, and French about the context of the memorial in relation to modern Germany.

The second world war and subsequent years took their toll on the Deutschherrenhaus; complete reconstruction of the building began in 1989. By 1992 the site became home to the Ludwig Museum to house the city’s collection of modern and contemporary art. The Museum celebrated in 2016 the 800th anniversary of the Deutschherrenhaus and presence of the Deutscher Orden in Koblenz.

The Deutsches Eck and the city of Koblenz are included within the inscription area for the Upper Middle Rhine Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

Archival images (G-K, chronological)

Topographia Archiepiscopatuum Moguntinensis, Treuirensis et Coloniensis, Matthias Merian, 1646

(G) Mid-17th century Koblenz, facing east to the Ehrenbreistein-Philippsburg complex. At right is the Deutschordenhaus (Deutschherrenhaus) with the corner tower and gate indicated; compare this image with images (A) and (B) above. Copper engraving from the 1646 volume “Topographia Archiepiscopatuum Moguntinensis, Treuirensis et Coloniensis” by Matthäus Merian. Sources: Digitale Texte Universität Köln and Münchener DigitalisierungsZentrum.

Coblenz und Umgebung in der Brusttasche. Geschildert von Bar. von Ehrenkreuz. Coblenz 1847.

(H) 1847 map with north up: where the Moselle (Mosel-Fluß) meets the Rhine, with the Deutschherrenhaus at the corner and junction. From “Coblenz und Umgebung in der Brusttasche” (1847); sources: Stadarchiv Koblenz and dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz.

Stadtarchiv Koblenz

(I) About 1875, west view of Koblenz and the Deutsches Eck. I’ve added the white dashed line to outline the construction that would take place over the next two decades until the Kaiser-Wilhelm Memorial was inaugurated in 1897; compare this 1875 view with the modern-day view at the very top of this post. Source: Stadtarchiv Koblenz (unknown photographer).

Stadtarchiv Koblenz

(J) 1888 map with north up. Continuing land reclamation has produced the “Mosel-Werft-Bassin”, extending north from the “old” Deutsches Eck and Deutschherrenhaus. Source: Stadtarchiv Koblenz.

Stadtplan von Koblenz von 1905

(K) 1905 map with north up. The location of the “new” and 2nd Deutsches Eck is clearly labelled upon completion of land reclamation and inauguration of the Kaiser Wilhelm monument. Sources: “Meyers Grosses Konversations-Lexikon” (1905) and Wikimedia Commons.


1 After over a century of searching throughout Koblenz’s Old Town for existence of the original Roman settlement, construction in 2008 near St. Kastor church revealed the existence of a moat or trench (8-meters long, 4-meters wide, and 2.5-metres deep) for a castle dating back to the Roman Empire.

2 St. Kastor Church was rebuilt in the 11th to 12th-century, destroyed in the Second World War, and subsequently rebuilt in the mid-1950s.

3 During the medieval Crusades, the Deutscher Orden was founded about 1190 AD/CE in the port city of Acre in present-day northern Israel. The order’s present-day headquarters and central archives are in Vienna, Austria with satellites throughout Europe including Germany.

4 The Iron Cross is prominent and central at the 1821 Prussian National Monument on the top of a hill in Berlin’s Viktoriepark (Victoria Park). For the cross and hill, the surrounding area and neighbourhood are commonly known as Kreuzberg (“cross mountain”).

More, in German:

•   Regional Geschichten
•   Schängel Geschichten
•   KuLaDig: Kultur.Landschaft.Digital (“Frührömisches Kastell Koblenz”)
•   Arenberg

Thanks to Koblenz Touristik and Romantic Germany for advice and support. Koblenz is a featured city in the Historic Highlights of Germany. The featured photo at top is by Wladyslaw Sojka (via Wikipedia). I made photos labelled (A) to (F) on 26 and 27 November 2015. This post appears on Fotoeins Fotografie at as

National Monument, Nelson Monument, City Observatory, Hume Walk, Calton Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland, UNESCO World Heritage,, myRTW

Fotoeins Friday: Calton Hill in silhouette, Edinburgh

8 November 2012.

In the magical city of Edinburgh, I’ve been told I’ve been fortunate to see the sun. And so it is, with the late-autumn afternoon sun that I find myself on the north side of Calton Hill with a beautiful expansive view of the Firth of Forth river estuary to the north. But I turn around and I want this, the same silhouette someone would’ve seen in centuries past. From left to right respectively are the grand but uncompleted National Monument, the telescope-shaped Nelson Monument, and the City Observatory. Calton Hill is part of Edinburgh’s inscription as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995.

During my year-long RTW, I made this photo on 8 November 2012 with the Canon 450D, 18-55 kit-lens, and the following settings: 1/1600-sec, f/8, ISO200, 18mm focal length (29mm full-frame equivalent). This post appears on Fotoeins Fotografie at as

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