Fotoeins Fotografie

faces of home & place-story

Posts tagged ‘Staromestske namesti’

Jan Hus (John Huss), Pomník mistra Jana Husa, Jan Hus Memorial, Chrám Matky Boží před Týnem, Church of Our Lady before Tyn, Staroměstské námesti, Old Town Square, Prague, Praha, Czech Republic, fotoeins.com

Fotoeins Friday: Jan Hus Day

Above/featured: Jan Hus looks up at the Church of Our Lady before Tyn – 4 Jul 2008 (HL).

Before Martin Luther, there was Jan Hus …

Over centuries, the Catholic Church operated with total authority on religion, science, and politics and far-reaching aspects on daily life. It’s a nice racket to claim you’re the only legitimate path to God and salvation. What Jan Hus (John Huss) and subsequent Martin Luther would set in motion when they openly challenged the superiority of the Church and introduced the idea of an individual’s direct path to their own thoughts and emotions in the world and to God. Being cut out as the “middle man” did not endear these two men to the Church.

Jan Hus helped bring about “The Bohemian Reformation” in the Czech Republic in the 15th-century, predating Luther’s movement in neighbouring Germany by a century. The US Embassy in the Czech Republic describes Jan Hus as:

Jan Hus (1369-1415), a predecessor of Martin Luther, was an early 15th century Czech theologian and scholar. He advocated church reforms, such as using Czech as the liturgical language, aligning the church’s practices with teachings contained in the Bible, limiting the power of the church to spiritual matters, and stopping the sale of indulgences. Consequently, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1412 for insubordination. He was summoned to the ecclesiastical Council of Constance in 1414, where he was ordered to recant his teachings. Refusing to comply, Hus was burnt at the stake as a heretic on 6 July 1415. Over the centuries Jan Hus has become a powerful symbol of an independent Czech national identity.

News of Hus’ martyrdom sparked outrage, anger, and protests (often violent) among Czechs, and the movement eventually ignited the Hussite wars between Hus’ followers (early Protestants) and the Catholic Church. Armed conflict ended with infighting among the Hussites, and ultimately defeat of the Hussites at the hands of Catholic forces.

In 1903, Czech sculptor Ladislav Saloun began work on designing the Jan Hus Memorial. Jan Hus is seen looking up and towards the Church of Our Lady before Týn which was the primary church for the Hussites between 1419 and 1621. The memorial was inaugurated at Prague’s Old Town Square on 6 July 1915 to mark the 500th anniversary of Jan Hus’ martyrdom. As Prague was under the rule of the Habsburg (i.e., Catholic) Empire in 1915, the authorities of the day refused to acknowledge the memorial and forbade an official event. In quiet protest, city residents proceeded to blanket the new monument with flowers. The Jan Hus memorial has become a symbol of opposition against foreign rule.

6 July 2015 marked the 600th anniversary of Jan Hus’ death. What were some of the following consequences?

•   1st Defenestration in Prague, 1419
•   Jiří z Poděbrad (George of Poděbrady)
•   Precedes Martin Luther’s Reformation by 100 years
•   World’s largest Reformation monument in Worms, Germany
•   Pope John Paul II’s apology, 1999

More on Jan Hus

•   My Expats CZ
•   My Czech Republic
•   Prague.CZ

I made this photo on 4 July 2008 with the Canon EOS450D, EF 18-55 IS zoom- and kit-lens, and the following settings: 1/500s, f/7.1, ISO200, and 27mm focal length (43mm full-frame equivalent). This post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com as http://wp.me/p1BIdT-6WM.

Christmas markets, Prague Old Town Square (part 2)

It’s Christmas Day (2010).

The skies are grey, streets and buildings are covered in a layer of white, and all is relatively quiet on the European continent, despite the travel snarls and traffic disruptions in the air and on the ground.

On this Christmas Day, my series on Christmas markets in Europe continues with a second set of photographs at the market at Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí) in Prague.

Merry Christmas / Frohe Weihnachten / Veselé vánoce!

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Kostel Svatý Mikuláš (St. Nicholas Church), Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Icicles, Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas market, Old Town Square, Prague

The first set of photographs made at Old Town Square is at here. A set of photographs made at Wenceslas Square can be found here.

The photos above were made on 4 December 2010 with the Canon EOS450D camera, EF 50mm/1.4 lens, and no tripod. Published initially on 25 Dec 2010 to Posterous, this post has moved and now appears on Fotoeins Fotopress (fotoeins.com).

Christmas markets, Prague Old Town Square (part 1)

While visiting Prague in early December (2010), I visited the Christmas market at Wenceslas Square, and made my way eventually to the (larger) Christmas market at Old Town Square (Vánoční trhy na Staroměstském náměstí).

Prague’s Old Town Square is one of the oldest parts in Prague where the original charter or incorporation as the city we know today was created. The present-day version of Old Town Square is one of the most important public areas in the city. Regardless of the time of year, no festival is too large to be held in this beautiful historical square.

It might be cold at this time of year, but everyone’s out having a good time with some svařené víno (mulled wine), klobása (sausage), or pečené kaštany (roasted chestnuts). If the wine’s too much, there’s always punč (punch) or čaj (tea) to sip on and stay warm.

So grab a drink, walk around, and have a look at the lights and fixtures at the Christmas market in Prague’s Old Town Square.

Old Town Hall, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas decorations, Old Town Square, Prague

Christmas decorations, Old Town Square, Prague

Light fixtures, Old Town Square, Prague

Light angel, Old Town Square, Prague

Angel light fixture, Old Town Square, Prague

Back of the angel, Old Town Square, Prague

Crazy Czechs, Old Town Square, Prague

Old Town Hall, Old Town Square, Prague

The second set of photographs made at Old Town Square is located here. A set of photographs made at Wenceslas Square can be found here.

The photos above were made on 4 December 2010 with the Canon EOS450D camera, EF 50mm/1.4 lens, and no tripod. Published initially on 23 Dec 2010 to Posterous, this post appears on Fotoeins Fotopress at fotoeins.com.

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